Forests

Forests are globally important in regulating climate and locally important in sustaining communities and supporting biodiversity. But they, and the people who depend on them, are under increasing pressure.

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Forests bring hope

 

for new life

500 million

hectares show potential for forest landscape restoration

from old life

up to 70 %

more CO2 sequestered by primary forests than degraded forests

for our lives

2.4 billion

people depend on forests and wood for energy 


How we engage

IUCN works to build sustainable landscapes, protect primary forests and advance the rights of forest communities. Through its forest initiatives, IUCN helps countries implement effective forest and land-use policies, achieve national priorities and meet international commitments on climate change, biodiversity and land degradation.


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News

  • reflection of orange and yellow trees on water ECCA30 logo in white Photo: IUCN

    Region targets 30 million hectares for restoration

    25.09.2019

    A new call to bring 30 million hectares of degraded and deforested landscapes into restoration in Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia by 2030 in support of the Bonn Challenge announced at Climate Action Summit.

  • Participants of Risk Management and Business Incubation TOT. Photo: ©IUCN/Amit Poudyal

    Securing forest and farm enterprises through risk management and business incubation

    23.09.2019

    To build the capacities of smallholder forest and farm producers on managing risks and improving their businesses, the Forest and Farm Facility (FFF) programme organised a six-day regional training-of-trainers on risk management and business incubation for...

  • cacoa Photo: WCEL

    Can producing cocoa help Colombia achieve its climate targets?

    23.09.2019

    Colombia holds significant potential to combat climate change by establishing forestry and agroforestry systems on degraded land. Opportunities for restoration can also be found through improvements to pasture and cattle management as well as the...

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Publications

Learn more

cartoon- arrow pointing up on right and words an people on right Photo: IUCN / Corbett Nash - icons adapted from UMCES IAN

Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM)

The Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM), produced by IUCN and the World Resources Institute (WRI), provides a flexible and affordable framework for countries to rapidly identify and analyse areas that are primed for forest landscape restoration (FLR) and to identify...
bonn challene logo with flower Photo: IUCN

The Bonn Challenge

The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020 and 350 million by 2030.

 

view along a sandy beach with water and mangroves on left Photo: IUCN / James Oliver

Mangrove restoration

Mangroves are critical coastal ecosystems that impact our lives. They nourish biodiversity as nursery grounds for many coastal and marine species and support fisheries. They buffer coastal communities against extreme weather events such as hurricanes, stabilise coastlines and slow or...
ECCA30 in white letters in front of trees Photo: IUCN

ECCA30 launch at UN Climate Action Week

New forest landscape restoration initiative in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia to launch 22 September at UN Climate Action Week in New York. ECCA countries will bring 30 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2030.

 

Quick reads

Aimed at policy-makers and journalists, IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues in a two-pager format.

Issues brief -  Palm oil and biodiversity Photo: IUCN

Palm oil and biodiversity

Palm oil is derived from the oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.), which is native to West Africa and grows best in tropical climates with abundant water. Three-quarters of total palm oil produced...
Thumbnail_CC and Forests issues brief Photo: IUCN

Forests and climate change

Forests are a stabilising force for the climate. They regulate ecosystems, protect biodiversity, play an integral part in the carbon cycle, support livelihoods, and supply goods and services that can...
Deforestation-Forest Degradation Issues Brief_thumbnail Photo: IUCN

Deforestation and forest degradation

Deforestation and forest degradation are the biggest threats to forests worldwide. Deforestation occurs when forests are converted to non-forest uses, such as agriculture and road construction....
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